Details of the Border Target Operating Model (TOM) have been published by the government.
The TOM sets out when new controls will be introduced to protect the UK against biosecurity threats and create a better border system. It introduces a new global regime for security and biosecurity controls, including bringing in controls on imports from the EU for the first time and using Brexit freedoms to simplify import controls on goods from across the globe.
The government state that, having listened to the views of industry, it has agreed to a delay of three months for the introduction of remaining sanitary and phytosanitary controls. This is as well as full customs controls for non-qualifying Norther Ireland goods.
The TOM confirms implementation of controls through three major milestones:
- 31 January 2024: Introduction of health certification on imports of medium-risk animal products, plants, plant products and high risk food (and feed) of non-animal origin from the EU.
- 30 April 2024: Introduction of documentary and risk-based identity and physical checks on medium-risk animal products, plants, plant products and high-risk food (and feed) of non-animal origin from the EU.
- 31 October 2024: Safety and Security declarations for EU imports will come into force. Alongside this, the government will introduce a reduced dataset for imports.